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Melanoplus nossiNoss' spur-throat grasshopper
Federal Protection: No US federal protection
State Protection: No Georgia state protection
Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: S2S3
SWAP High Priority Species (SGCN): Yes
Element Occurrences (EOs) in Georgia: 0
Habitat Summary for element in Georgia: Hardwoods
A small grasshopper (10-28 mm in length). Brownish in color with black stripe extending laterally from behind the eye down the thora, with a white stripe below it. Hind tibia are blueish-gray. The male cerci are broadly rounded caudally. This species has short wings and is incapable of flight, but is a very strong jumper.
Other related species tend to differ in habitat and range. In the lab, species can be separated by dissecting and observing internal genitalia.
Found in the understory of hardwood slopes and ravines and wet hardwood flats, most often near floodplains and swamps.
Likely a generalist herbivore.
Like all Orthopterans, the Melanoplus nossi undergoes an incomplete metamorphosis. Adults can be found throught the summer months.
Walk through suitable habitat to flush Melanoplus from resting. Catch specimens with a net to confirm ID.
This species’ recorded range falls within the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain (north Florida), the southern Atlantic Coastal Plain (central Georgia and southeast North Carolina), and the mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain (northeastern North Carolina.
Timber cutting of the forests where these grasshoppers are found is their most immediate threat.
Melanoplus nossi is endemic to the North American Coastal Plain from Alabama to North Carolina. In Georgia the speices is known from only 3 extant populations, all of which are on private land.
Protect forests where this species is known to occur from development and timber harvests.
Hill, Jovonn G., Derek A. Woller, and Stephen Hall. “Melanoplus Nossi Hill (Orthoptera: Acrididae): A Grasshopper Species Endemic to the North American Coastal Plain
JoVonn G. Hill and Brady S. Dunaway