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Eotettix palustis female. Photo by Mississippi Entomological Museum. Image may be subject to copyright.
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Eotettix palustris Morse, 1904

Longleaf Spur-throated Grasshopper

Federal Protection: No US federal protection

State Protection: No Georgia state protection

Global Rank: GU

State Rank: S3

SWAP High Priority Species (SGCN): Yes

Element Occurrences (EOs) in Georgia: 0

Habitat Summary for element in Georgia: Longleaf pine savannas


Description

Small species, at a length of 15-22 mm. Pale yellowish-green, except for the brown wings. Postocular stripe is fuscous. 

Similar Species

E. signatus and E. pusillus are both similar. E. palustris tends to be intermediate in size between the two. E. signatus is usually found in either open marshy sites or among grassy, wet depressions in open pine woods. E. pusillus is located in upland wire grass among open pine and oak woods. Otherwise, anatomical differences include more elongte and less divergent furcula than those of E. signatus

Habitat

Scrubby, wet sites in the undergrowth of pine woods, usually among palmettoes and various shrubs.

Diet

Probably a generalist herbivore.

Life History

Like all Orthopterans, this species undergoes an incomplete metamorphosis.

Survey Recommendations

Walk through suitable habitat to flush Eotettix from resting. Catch specimens with a net to confirm ID.

Range

Known from the southeastern edge of the Gulf Coastal Plain (Thomasville, Georgia and Live Oak, Florida) and from the northern edge of the Florida Coastal Plain (Gainesville).

Threats

Timber cutting of the forests where these grasshoppers are found is their most immediate threat. Also, absence of periodic fires needed to maintain the habitat are likely a contributing factor to declines.

Georgia Conservation Status

One known extant population known in Georgia.

Conservation Management Recommendations

Protect forests where this species is known to occur from development and timber harvests. Reintroduce fire at the appropriate intervals where possible.

References

Protect forests where this species is known to occur from development and timber harvests. Reintroduce fire at the appropriate intervals where possible.

Authors of Account

Brady S. Dunaway and JoVonn G. Hill

Date Compiled or Updated

12/9/2019

Eotettix palustis male. Photo by Mississippi Entomological Museum. Image may be subject to copyright.
Eotettix palustis. Photo by Mississippi Entomological Museum. Image may be subject to copyright.